Prior to the eruption of the COVID-19 pandemic globalisation was already showing signs of fatigue, but the data for 2021 show the largest annual drop for the entire time series. Of the three economic, military and soft dimensions, the latter is the most hit, despite being the most dynamic over the past decades.
The United States maintains the first position, although China gains an enormous volume of external projection and continues to narrow the gap. Spain is the country that loses the largest volume of global presence despite retaining its 13th position. The EU has a higher global presence than the United States and much higher than China. But after the pandemic and the Brexit, the EU’s global presence has decreased significantly.
Wednesday, 20th July 2022, from 12:00 to 13:15 h. CEST (UTC+2). Venue: Fundación Botín, c/ de Castelló, 18. Madrid (Spain).
- José Juan Ruiz, Chairman, Elcano Royal Institute | @ElcanoJjRuiz
- Iliana Olivié, Senior Analyst, Elcano Royal Institute | @iolivie
- Manuel Gracia Santos, Analyst, Elcano Royal Institute | @mgraciasn
Read and download the Elcano Global Presence Report 2022.
See also the Elcano Global Presence Index website.