Thursday, 29th February 2024, from 12:00 to 13:30 h. CET (UTC+1). Venue: The Botín Foundation, c/ Castelló nº 18 C, Madrid.

Over the past twenty years since the 11-M terrorist attacks in 2004, which marked the deadliest jihadist attack in Europe to date, jihadist mobilization and its inherent terrorist threat have not vanished from our societies but have evolved.

As we mark the twentieth anniversary of the Madrid attacks, this roundtable will reflect on the evolution of the global jihadist movement in Spain over the last decade. Drawing on original data on jihadists convicted or deceased in our country between 2012 and 2023, the speakers will present three documents analysing the patterns of change and continuity in this phenomenon, focusing on the characterization of jihadists, their processes of violent radicalization, and their involvement patterns in terrorist activities.

Hashtag: #11M_20aniv

Chair: Charles Powell, Director, Elcano Royal Institute | @CharlesTPowell

With the participation of the Elcano Royal Institute’s analysts:

  • Fernando Reinares, Distinguished Research Associate | @F_Reinares
  • Álvaro Vicente, Analyst, Programme on Violent Radicalization and Global Terrorism | @alvaro_vicentep
  • Carola García-Calvo, Senior Analyst, Programme on Violent Radicalization and Global Terrorism | @carolagc13

– The event will be held in Spanish without simultaneous translation.
– If you are planning to attend in-person, please send RSVP to
– The event will also be live streamed on the Elcano Royal Institute’s YouTube channel. On-line attendance does not require registration.
– Questions from on-line audience can be sent by email to or via X/Twitter using the event hashtag #11M_20aniv.

Image: Detail of the monument to the victims of the 11-M terrorists attacks in Madrid, Spain. Photo: Maritè Toledo (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Deed).