As China’s rise continues to shape and shake the course of international affairs, and Europe enters a new chapter in its collective history, Europe-China relations are becoming more relevant, but also much more complex. Understanding these complexities requires a precise examination of the various state-level bilateral relationships and interests at play between China and the EU countries.

This report is the first in an on-going effort of dissecting and re-assembling Europe-China relations from an EU member state perspective. As the European Think-tank Network on China (ETNC) develops, recommendations will emerge on how these member states and the EU as a whole can better coordinate their various approaches to China.