Europe / European Union

From Istanbul to Madrid: five things to know before the Turkish constitutional referendum

İlke Toygür. Expert Comment 18/2017 - 12/4/2017.

Polls show a neck-to-neck race between the two sides. Today, the main question is not the constitutional reform itself, but approval of the governing party, and even more so of the figure of President Erdoğan.


Germany and Trump-America: back on track?

Ulrich Speck. Expert Comment 16/2017 - 11/4/2017.

The widely anticipated clash between Germany and the Trump Administration has not happened. Instead, Berlin and Washington DC seem to be on the way to pragmatic cooperation, even when there is still significant disagreement.


Why Spain would like a ‘soft’ Brexit for the UK

William Chislett. ARI 27/2017 - 29/3/2017.

Spain has good reasons for wanting the best possible relationship between Britain and the EU as a result of Brexit, but it cannot allow the UK to be better off outside the EU than inside it.


The euro as a social bond: why do Eurozone citizens still back the single currency?

Miguel Otero-Iglesias. ARI 25/2017 - 27/3/2017.

This paper tries to understand why despite the pain in the South of the Eurozone and the anger in the North the majority of the people still support the euro.


One year on: an assessment of the EU-Turkey statement on refugees

İlke Toygür and Bianca Benvenuti. ARI 21/2017 - 21/3/2017.

An honest assessment of the refugee deal is very much needed since the EU is considering new ones with other transit countries. Both Turkey and key EU countries are facing electoral challenges as well: internal politics and foreign policy decisions are highly interwoven.


Running out of steam? Brexit and the future of EU energy policy

Aurélie Faure-Schuyer. ARI 15/2017 - 7/3/2017.

The UK, a traditional energy importer, will have to realign its domestic energy and climate policy goals. It also remains to be seen whether the EU can hinge upon an ambitious international climate policy to compensate for Brexit.


Turkey’s critical constitutional referendum: an introduction

Ilke Toygür. Expert Comment 12/2017 - 6/3/2017.

As a new challenge to its democratic existence, Turkey is going to a constitutional referendum on April 16th, with a heavily polarised society. It is widely questioned if the referendum will be ‘free’ and ‘fair’ under the current state of emergency.


The EU, facing one of its most challenging years

Salvador Llaudes. Expert Comment 10/2017 - 28/2/2017.

Adding to concerns about terrorism, the handling of the refugee crisis and existing economic risks, there is the delicate management of the UK’s departure, the unpredictability of president Trump and, above all, an electoral calendar that offers no let-up.


Towards a post-Brexit ‘partnership for democracy’ between the EU and the UK

Pablo José Castillo Ortiz. Expert Comment 6/2017 - 17/2/2017.

In an era in which authoritarian populists have already started to cooperate, partnerships between democratic actors are more necessary than ever. A ‘democratic partnership’ between the EU and the UK would be a win-win situation for both parties.


European defence between the Global Strategy and its implementation

Félix Arteaga. WP 4/2017 (English version) - 16/2/2017.

The implementation of the Strategy comes at a time of highly adverse circumstances for the process of European integration, so that its development is not solely reliant on the content of the document or the determination of its backers.