Regional or global player? The EU’s international profile
Iliana Olivié & Manuel Gracia Santos. Elcano Policy Paper 2/2020 – 5 May 2020.
To what extent the features and the objectives of the EU’s global strategy are aligned with the volume, nature, and geographical allocation of the Union’s external projection?
By means of the Elcano Global Presence Index, this policy paper aims to depict the EU’s international profile. As stated in the European Global Strategy, there is a significant gap between the EU’s presence and its international influence: its soft profile still needs to be balanced with stronger military capacities.
However, despite what the strategic document claims, the EU external projection is strongly concentrated in few facets and member states. This is also linked to its geographical allocation, with a decreasing importance of the near and extended neighbourhood (including candidate countries) with respect non-EU West Europe, Asia, North America and, to a lesser extent, Latin America. Moreover, the exact consequences of Brexit or the COVID-19 pandemic on the EU’s global presence remain unknown.
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