Sub-Saharan Africa

The Beginnings of Accountability?: South Africa’s Fourth Election and its Implications for Governance (ARI)

Steven Friedman. ARI 82/2009 - 27/5/2009. Go to Spanish version

South Africa has just experienced its most competitive election yet. The governing African National Congress was forced to compete for votes for the first time and lost some ground as a result. This ARI examines the implications for government accountability, effective governance and competitive politics.


Spain and the G-20: A Strategic Proposal for Enhancing its Role in Global Governance

Elcano Royal Institute. 8/4/2009. Go to Spanish version

This paper explores the role Spain can and should play in the institutions engaged in global governance in the current context of financial crisis and reconfiguration of international power centres. After briefly analysing Spain’s relative position in the world –on the basis of economic and other criteria– the study suggests the path it should follow to boost its influence in the world. The paper points out Spain’s comparative advantages, the areas where it could contribute most, and the shortcomings that make it difficult to translate Spain’s economic weight into greater political influence at the global level.


Somalia: From Stateless Order to Talibanisation? (ARI)

Bjørn Møller. ARI 42/2009 - 13/3/2009.

The withdrawal of the Ethiopian troops by the end of January 2009 puts an end to foreign intervention in Somalia.


Angola’s Current Economic Prospects: Oil Curse or Blessing? (ARI)

Lucy Corkin. ARI 4/2009 - 9/1/2009. Go to Spanish version

The author reviews the economic boom that Angola is currently experiencing in a post-election context, despite the global economic downturn. While Angola’s impressive growth rates were initially a result of high oil prices, increasingly the economy is driven by the non-oil sector, primarily through construction and heavy public spending under the auspices of the national reconstruction programme.


Africa’s Bane: Tax Havens, Capital Flight and the Corruption Interface (WP)

John Christensen. WP 1/2009 - 8/1/2009.

This paper considers how tax havens facilitate capital flight and tax evasion, and how these linked activities undermine developmental processes. This is followed by an examination of the scale of capital flight and tax evasion in Africa, and the potential for the recently proposed offshore financial centre in Accra, Ghana, to exacerbate these problems in the West African region. The paper concludes with policy recommendations for how to tackle capital flight and tax evasion.


China Returns to Africa: Anatomy of an Expansive Engagement (WP)

Chris Alden, Dan Large and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira. WP 51/2008 - 11/12/2008.

This paper presents a scoping analysis of the main contours of relations, offering an anatomy of key dimensions of an expansive Chinese engagement in the continent that remains dynamic.


Somali Piracy: A Dangerous Internal and External Threat (ARI)

Laura Hammond. ARI 162/2008 - 10/12/2008. Go to Spanish version

The recent dramatic increase in the successes of Somali pirates has resulted in international calls for tightened security in the Gulf of Aden. However, the problem cannot be solved through securitised measures alone and a greater emphasis must be placed on building a legitimate government inside Somalia to effectively manage the problem.


<i>Plus ça Change, Plus c'est la Même Chose</i>: The Political Economy of Rent-driven Development in Mauritania (ARI)

Nicola Pontara. ARI 134/2008 - 21/10/2008. Go to Spanish version

After four decades of rent-driven development that has systematically killed off competition in the main sectors of the economy, Mauritania remains inherently prone to authoritarian intervention when powerful interests are threatened.


Elections, Mediation and Deadlock in Zimbabwe? (ARI)

Brian Raftopoulos. ARI 119/2008 - 8/10/2008. Go to Spanish version

The mixture of hope and despair that followed the March 2008 elections in Zimbabwe and the ensuing violence gave way to the new possibilities offered by the political agreement signed by Zanu PF, the MDC (Tsvangirai) and the MDC (Mutambara) on 11 September 2008.


In Spain's interest: A Committed Foreign Policy

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. (Translated from Spanish) - 2/7/2008. Go to Spanish version

An address by the Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero at the Prado Museum (Madrid) on 16 June 2008 organised by the Elcano Royal Institute, with the collaboration of the following Spanish institutions: CIDOB Foundation, FRIDE, ICEI and INCIPE. (This text is also available in French: Dans l’intérêt de l’Espagne: une politique extérieure engagée).