Security & Defence

Tension rises in Gibraltar while the Royal Navy passes by

Félix Arteaga. Expert Comment 50/2013 (Translated from Spanish) - 5/9/2013.

The current face-off over Gibraltar between the Spanish and British governments is the result of juridical and diplomatic differences, in such a way that it would be pointless for the dispute to be securitised or militarised.


The emergence of Hamas as a regional political actor

Julio de la Guardia. ARI 6/2013 - 27/2/2013.

Since the beginning of the Arab Spring, the election of Mohammed Morsi as President of Egypt and the end of Israel’s Pillar of Defence military operation in the Gaza Strip, Hamas has steadily been moving towards a more political stance.


North Korea and the December 2012 Rocket Launch: A New Deal?

Pablo Bustelo. Expert Comment 39/2012 - 14/12/2012.

On December 12 North Korea succeeded in putting into orbit a satellite (or other object) after the three stages of the Unha-3 rocket separated as planned. Contrary to the previous attempts, the launch was successful, the three-stage rocket functioned correctly and the satellite (or other object) now appears to be now orbiting the earth.


Are North Korea’s Missile Threats Credible?

Pablo Bustelo. Expert Comment 28/2012 - 15/10/2012 .

Despite continuous efforts by the international community to achieve the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, time is passing and working against this goal.


From Multipolarity to Multinodality in International Security

Félix Arteaga. Expert Comment 19/2012 - 13/9/2012.

Pragmatism, flexibility and effectiveness replace normativism, formalism and legitimacy as the founding principles of international security. Changes from multipolarity towards multinodality are challenging traditional mindsets, theories and mentalities.


Staging the War on Drugs: Media and Organised Crime in Mexico

Edgar Moreno Gómez. WP 8/2012 - 10/7/2012.

This Working Paper offers an insight to understand the political ramifications of the news coverage of violence in Mexico. It shows that drug trafficking organisations have important goals related to the media, the impact of news on public opinion and the consequent influence over policy making.


The Need for an Open System to Evaluate European Union CSDP Missions (ARI)

Félix Arteaga. ARI 104/2011 - 10/6/2011.

The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the launch of the European External Action Service are an opportunity to introduce reporting and assessment mechanisms to render CSDP (Common Security and Defence Policy) missions more democratically legitimate and accountable.


France’s National Security Strategy (WP)

Fabio Liberti and Camille Blain. WP 3/2011 - 17/1/2011.

France is one of the EU’s member states with a most highly-developed national strategic culture. However, the 2008 White Paper on Defence and National Security represents a significant leap in the evolution of the French strategic thinking and policies. It establishes the concept of national security, that transcends the traditional realms of defence and internal security and moves towards the overarching concept of national security.


Economic Intelligence: An Operational Concept for a Globalised World (ARI)

Claude Revel. ARI 134/2010 - 14/9/2010.

Economic security policies consist in the prevention and avoidance of all situations that can disrupt the life of firms or States. In France, economic security is seen through the prism of ‘economic intelligence’, which aims to encompass all aspects of globalised risks and opportunities.


NATO’s Evolving Role in an Age of Globalization

Anders Fogh Rasmussen. 10/9/2010. Go to Spanish version

A speech by NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen in a conference organised by the Elcano Royal Institute in Madrid on 10 September 2010.