Security & Defence

The ‘combination’: an instrument in Russia’s information war in Catalonia

Mira Milosevich-Juaristi. ARI 92/2017 (English version) - 20/11/2017.

During the independence referendum in Catalonia, Russia used the ‘combination’ (kombinaciya), an operation can integrate instruments such as cyber warfare, cyber-intelligence, disinformation, propaganda and collaboration with players hostile to the values of liberal democracy.


The missile threat in the Mediterranean: implications for European security

Jean-Loup Samaan. ARI 79/2017 - 25/10/2017.

The proliferation of missiles and rockets has steadily grown in the Mediterranean. The issue will constitute one of the central challenges for NATO and EU policies in relation to their southern flank.


Windows of opportunity in the Korean Peninsula

Félix Arteaga and Mario Esteban. Expert Comment 35/2017 - 26/5/2017.

The most realistic option to face the DPRK nuclear crisis is to reopen a process of political dialogue. Negotiations based on a North Korean moratorium on nuclear and missile tests are the best scenario.


Spain’s contribution to Euro-Atlantic security

Aurora Mejía. ARI 60/2017 - 20/7/2017.

Spain’s understanding of security is rooted in its conception of the Euro-Atlantic as a space of shared interests, norms and values. This paper proves an overview of Spain’s contribution to Euro-Atlantic security by identifying four relevant areas.


How can a military conflict in the Korean Peninsula be avoided?

Félix Arteaga and Mario Esteban. ARI 52/2017 (English version) - 20/6/2017.

This analysis warns of the growing risk of armed conflict in the Korean Peninsula and sets out some options for avoiding it and proceeding towards an agreement that would enable the precarious stability of the region to be underpinned.


What does NATO need to ‘project stability’ in its neighbourhood?

Rubén Díaz-Plaja. ARI 40/2017 - 18/5/2017.

At NATO’s Warsaw Summit in 2016, allied leaders announced not only major changes to their collective defence posture but also their commitment to ‘projecting stability’ beyond their borders.


European defence between the Global Strategy and its implementation

Félix Arteaga. WP 4/2017 (English version) - 16/2/2017.

The implementation of the Strategy comes at a time of highly adverse circumstances for the process of European integration, so that its development is not solely reliant on the content of the document or the determination of its backers.


Making sense of Europe’s Southern Neighbourhood: Main Geopolitical and Security Parameters

Luis Simón and Vivien Pertusot. ARI 10/2017 - 30/01/2017.

Europe’s southern neighbourhood is a diverse but interlinked geopolitical ensemble, whose specificities need to be carefully assessed before Europeans devise dedicated security strategies, divide responsibilities and make policy decisions.


Eight recommendations for the II National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security

María Solanas Cardín. ARI 89/2016 (English version) - 20/12/2016.

The II National Action Plan for the implementation of Resolution 1325, currently being prepared by the Spanish Government, should build on lessons learnt and include specific measures and best practices if it aims to achieve any advancement in the women, peace and security agenda.


Missile defence in Europe: tying together the technical, political and security dimensions

Gustav Lindstrom. ARI 73/2016 - 13/10/2016.

Missile defence in Europe is evolving and maturing, even if it this is occurring at the margins of public debate. At the same time, there are perceptions that the missile threat is growing. A more sophisticated approach towards missile defence in Europe is required.