Security & Defence

Turkey in and out of NATO? An instance of a turbulent alliance with Western institutions

Yaprak Gürsoy and Ilke Toygür. ARI 73/2018 - 11/6/2018.

Turkey’s links with its Western allies have steadily deteriorated over the past few years. There have been major developments over the past decade that need to be looked at in order to explain the current estrangement with NATO.


The US and North Korea: will their Presidents shake hands?

Félix Arteaga and Mario Esteban. Expert Comment 27/2018 (English version) - 26/4/2018.

The best news that we can hope for is that the summit does finally take place and that it serves as a new call to an essential negotiation process capable of achieving concrete results in terms of nuclear non-proliferation goals and East Asian stability.


The European Commission: an enabler for the European Security and Defence Union

Chantal Lavallée. ARI 59/2018 - 26/4/2018.

The European Commission has been pushing for deeper European cooperation in the security and defence sector for the past two decades despite the reluctance of the member states.


Coherence and focus on capability priorities: why EDA’s role in CARD, PESCO and EDF matters

Jorge Domecq. ARI 54/2018 - 19/4/2018.

A coherent, priority-focused and output-oriented implementation of the new tools is indispensable to boost European defence cooperation. The European Defence Agency (EDA) plays an important role in this respect.


Strategic Communication (StratCom) policies

Félix Arteaga. Expert Comment 17/2018 - 26/02/2018.

The European and Japanese StratCom policies have been directed to a greater extent to foreign and international audiences rather than to reinforcing the cohesion of their own populations. A broader StratCom approach should be more inclusive and also cover internal perceptions.


NATO and the south: opportunities for coherence and integration

Jordan Becker. ARI 18/2018 - 13/2/2018.

The evolving security environment to Europe’s South poses important challenges to NATO, demanding coherence between projecting stability and collective defence.


Strategic autonomy and European defence

Félix Arteaga. ARI 102/2017 (English version) - 12/12/2017.

The most oft-repeated objective of the re-launching of European defence is to achieve strategic autonomy for the EU. Despite its frequent invocation, the concept of strategic autonomy has different meanings and purposes.


The Strategic Review of French National Defence and Security in 2017

Félix Arteaga. Expert Comment 52/2017 (English version) - 12/12/2017.

Although the title of this comment suggests something different, the Strategic Review focuses on the defence and armed forces of France, and not on the country’s national security.


The ‘combination’: an instrument in Russia’s information war in Catalonia

Mira Milosevich-Juaristi. ARI 92/2017 (English version) - 20/11/2017.

During the independence referendum in Catalonia, Russia used the ‘combination’ (kombinaciya), an operation can integrate instruments such as cyber warfare, cyber-intelligence, disinformation, propaganda and collaboration with players hostile to the values of liberal democracy.


The missile threat in the Mediterranean: implications for European security

Jean-Loup Samaan. ARI 79/2017 - 25/10/2017.

The proliferation of missiles and rockets has steadily grown in the Mediterranean. The issue will constitute one of the central challenges for NATO and EU policies in relation to their southern flank.