Latin America

The Costa Rican Elections: The Fight for Continuity (ARI)

Constantino Urcuyo. ARI 3/2010 (Translated from Spanish) - 15/2/2010. Go to Spanish version

President Oscar Arias’ party is seeking to stay in power, despite being weakened by the intensive and combative approach of its rivals.


General Elections in Bolivia, December 2009 (ARI)

Andrés Santana Leitner. ARI 154/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 18/12/2009. Go to Spanish version

The Bolivian general elections were held in December 2009 in very special circumstances and conditions: they were the first elections under Bolivia’s New Political Constitution, the first (since the reinstatement of democracy) in which a President was eligible for reelection, the first in which biometric voter registration was implemented and the first in which it was possible to vote from outside the country.


The transatlantic cocaine business: Europe’s options as it confronts new drug trafficking routes (WP)

Daniel Brombacher and Günther Maihold. WP 45/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 14/12/2009. Go to Spanish version

The goal of this study is to review European foreign policy tools involved in controlling supply, leaving aside domestic policy measures designed to cut demand, the efficiency of which is widely recognised in most countries of the EU.


The Amazonian Conflict: Biodiversity, Native Communities and Sustainable Development (ARI)

Luis E. González Manrique. ARI 151/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 17/11/2009. Go to Spanish version

The resignation of the Peruvian Prime Minister, Yehude Simon, and the congressional repeal of two of the main legislative decrees that opened extensive Amazonian zones to commercial exploitation have provided a merely temporary relief to the reigning tension. The situation is similar, to varying degrees, in the other South-American countries that share the Amazon basin.


The ‘New’ Panama Canal: Present and Future (ARI)

María Gemma Prieto. ARI 121/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 17/11/2009. Go to Spanish version

A Spanish company at the head of an international consortium has won the major part of the contract for the expansion of the Panama Canal. This analysis sums up the history, the present and the future plan of an oceanic corridor of prime importance in world politics and the world economy.


Evo Morales and Hugo Chávez visit Spain (ARI)

Carlos Malamud. ARI 146/2009 (Translated from Spanish). Go to Spanish version

The visits to Spain of Presidents Evo Morales of Bolivia and Hugo Chávez of Venezuela have triggered a major domestic controversy as well as intense external debate, as Spain’s government is accused of seeking to move closer to certain populist leaders.


Relations between the EU and Latin America: Abandoning Regionalism in Favour of a New Bilateral Strategy? (WP)

Celestino del Arenal. WP 36/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 21/9/2009. Go to Spanish version

Over the past three decades, Latin America has undergone a major process of diversification in its international relations, making it easier for the countries of the region to develop foreign policies that are more autonomous and more focused on the challenges posed by an international society that is increasingly interdependent and global.


The US and Latin America: A New Phase in a Complicated Relationship (ARI)

Carlos Malamud. ARI 97/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 14/7/2009.

The Fifth Summit of the Americas has served to put relations between Latin America and the US back on the agenda.


The Fifth Summit of the Americas: Relations with the US are Played Out in Cuba (ARI)

Carlos Malamud and Carola García-Calvo. ARI 74/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 28/5/2009. Go to Spanish version

The Fifth Summit of the Americas allowed the US to resume dialogue with Latin America. During the meeting, Washington sought to establish a relationship ‘among equals’, in line with Barack Obama’s idea of moving from a policy of acting ‘for’ Latin America to one of acting ‘with’ it.


Ecuador’s Foreign Policy: Presidential Interests and Ideology (ARI)

Carlos Malamud & Carola García-Calvo. ARI 61/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 19/05/2009. Go to Spanish version

Ecuador’s foreign policy, in the context of the Rafael Correa’s ‘government of the Citizens’ Revolution’, is complemented by the ‘Patria, altiva, digna y soberana’ project. Accordingly, a set of positions and alliances has been adopted. Some of these are very controversial and have a clear ideological bias, which has compromised the country’s international image.