Latin America

Evo Morales and Hugo Chávez visit Spain (ARI)

Carlos Malamud. ARI 146/2009 (Translated from Spanish). Go to Spanish version

The visits to Spain of Presidents Evo Morales of Bolivia and Hugo Chávez of Venezuela have triggered a major domestic controversy as well as intense external debate, as Spain’s government is accused of seeking to move closer to certain populist leaders.


Relations between the EU and Latin America: Abandoning Regionalism in Favour of a New Bilateral Strategy? (WP)

Celestino del Arenal. WP 36/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 21/9/2009. Go to Spanish version

Over the past three decades, Latin America has undergone a major process of diversification in its international relations, making it easier for the countries of the region to develop foreign policies that are more autonomous and more focused on the challenges posed by an international society that is increasingly interdependent and global.


The US and Latin America: A New Phase in a Complicated Relationship (ARI)

Carlos Malamud. ARI 97/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 14/7/2009.

The Fifth Summit of the Americas has served to put relations between Latin America and the US back on the agenda.


The Fifth Summit of the Americas: Relations with the US are Played Out in Cuba (ARI)

Carlos Malamud and Carola García-Calvo. ARI 74/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 28/5/2009. Go to Spanish version

The Fifth Summit of the Americas allowed the US to resume dialogue with Latin America. During the meeting, Washington sought to establish a relationship ‘among equals’, in line with Barack Obama’s idea of moving from a policy of acting ‘for’ Latin America to one of acting ‘with’ it.


Ecuador’s Foreign Policy: Presidential Interests and Ideology (ARI)

Carlos Malamud & Carola García-Calvo. ARI 61/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 19/05/2009. Go to Spanish version

Ecuador’s foreign policy, in the context of the Rafael Correa’s ‘government of the Citizens’ Revolution’, is complemented by the ‘Patria, altiva, digna y soberana’ project. Accordingly, a set of positions and alliances has been adopted. Some of these are very controversial and have a clear ideological bias, which has compromised the country’s international image.


Spain and the G-20: A Strategic Proposal for Enhancing its Role in Global Governance

Elcano Royal Institute. 8/4/2009. Go to Spanish version

This paper explores the role Spain can and should play in the institutions engaged in global governance in the current context of financial crisis and reconfiguration of international power centres. After briefly analysing Spain’s relative position in the world –on the basis of economic and other criteria– the study suggests the path it should follow to boost its influence in the world. The paper points out Spain’s comparative advantages, the areas where it could contribute most, and the shortcomings that make it difficult to translate Spain’s economic weight into greater political influence at the global level.


Second-time Lucky: Chávez on his Way to 2021? (ARI)

Manuel Hidalgo. ARI 46/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 6/4/2009. Go to Spanish version

The approval of plans to lift the ban on the indefinite re-election of elected officials paves the way for Chávez to run for office in 2012 and gives him further scope to continue implementing his vague, contradictory and divisive socialist project.


Four Latin American Summits and Brazil’s Leadership (WP)

Carlos Malamud. WP 3/2009 (Translated from Spanish) - 17/3/2009. Go to Spanish version

Four presidential summits were held simultaneously in Brazil in December 2008, raising some prospects for change in the region.


Energy for the Western Hemisphere: Revisiting Latin America’s Energy Scene before the 5th Summit of the Americas (ARI)

Paul Isbell. ARI 10/2009 - 14/1/2009. Go to Spanish version

Revisiting the energy scenario in Latin America, this paper analyses the region’s various energy challenges and evaluates the need and potential for a region-wide energy strategy.


In Spain's interest: A Committed Foreign Policy

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. (Translated from Spanish) - 2/7/2008. Go to Spanish version

An address by the Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero at the Prado Museum (Madrid) on 16 June 2008 organised by the Elcano Royal Institute, with the collaboration of the following Spanish institutions: CIDOB Foundation, FRIDE, ICEI and INCIPE. (This text is also available in French: Dans l’intérêt de l’Espagne: une politique extérieure engagée).