International Terrorism

The Evolving Threat from Jihadist Terrorism in Turkey (ARI)

Guido Steinberg. ARI 26/2009 - 16/2/2009.

If the trend towards the integration of Turkish Jihadists into larger transnational networks continues, the threat from Jihadist terrorism is likely to grow in Turkey and in countries in which there are sizable Turkish diaspora communities.


Targeting Energy Infrastructure: Examining the Terrorist Threat in North Africa and its Broader Implications (ARI)

Jennifer Giroux. ARI 25/2009 - 13/2/2009.

This paper analyses the terrorist threats to energy infrastructures in North Africa –with a specific focus on events in the Sudan and Algeria, where oil and gas resources have been targeted–, at the statements made by al-Qaeda in this regard and at the protection strategies which are needed.


Hamas, Al-Qaeda and the Islamisation of the Palestinian Cause (ARI)

Jonathan Fighel. ARI 19/2009 - 30/1/2009.

Under Hamas’s rule, a radical Islamic entity has been established in Gaza, opposed to the national-secular Fatah movement, and pro al-Qaeda groups have started to emerge and carry out attacks against western targets in the Strip.


After the Madrid Bombings: Internal Security Reforms and the Prevention of Global Terrorism in Spain (WP)

Fernando Reinares. WP 40/2008 (Translated from Spanish) - 14/10/2008. Go to Spanish version

At the time of the Madrid bombings on 11 March 2004, Spain was equipped with well-developed internal security structures that were highly efficient in the fight against terrorism. However, they were not as well adapted to dealing with the challenges of terrorism related to al-Qaeda.


Remarks by Ambassador Eduardo Aguirre: ‘Radical Islamism in and from the North of Africa and the Horn of Africa’

Eduardo Aguirre. (Translated from Spanish) - 8/7/2008 . Go to Spanish version

Remarks by the U.S Ambassador to Spain and Andorra Eduardo Aguirre at the International Conference “Islamic Radicalization In and From North and the Horn of Africa: Implications for European and Transnational Counterterrorism”, co-organised by the Elcano Royal Institute, the U.S Department of State and the University Rey Juan Carlos University.


In Spain's interest: A Committed Foreign Policy

José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. (Translated from Spanish) - 2/7/2008. Go to Spanish version

An address by the Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero at the Prado Museum (Madrid) on 16 June 2008 organised by the Elcano Royal Institute, with the collaboration of the following Spanish institutions: CIDOB Foundation, FRIDE, ICEI and INCIPE. (This text is also available in French: Dans l’intérêt de l’Espagne: une politique extérieure engagée).


The Mujahedin in Nagorno-Karabakh: A Case Study in the Evolution of Global Jihad (WP)

Michael Taarnby. WP 20/2008 - 9/5/2008.

The current volume of publications dealing with Islamist militancy and terrorism defies belief in terms of its contents. This paper is a modest attempt to direct more attention and interest towards the much overlooked sub-field of historical research within Jihadi studies.


Afghanistan and Lebanon: Assessment of the Jihadist Risk to Spain (WP)

Miguel Luparelli Mathieu, José Antonio Mathés and Andrés Montero Gómez. WP 8/2008 (Translated from Spanish) - 11/3/2008. Go to Spanish version

This analysis is based on a game theory model which assumes the premise that the behaviour of Jihadist groups (taken generally, and al-Qaeda in particular) and of States is rational and responds to strategic choices. It begins with an introduction to the context which situates Spain and global Jihadist groups on opposing sides of the game board of strategic interests. There follows an analysis of each of the scenarios and their implications in the strategies of Jihadist organisations, as well as their influence on Spanish foreign policy and international security policy decisions.


Fatah al-Islam: Anthropological Perspectives on Jihadi Culture (WP)

Michael Taarnby and Lars Hallundbaek. WP 6/2008 - 12/2/2008.

This paper argues that the Jihadi culture of Fatah al-Islam is an appropriated and non-traditional culture which must be defended at all costs by its followers precisely because it is an artificial entity.


Will America’s New Counterinsurgency Doctrine Defeat al-Qaeda? (WP)

Sebestyén L. v. Gorka. WP 1/2008 - 10/1/2008.

This paper discusses the concept of global insurgency and deals with the existing canon of COIN theory and case studies. It also looks at the connection between the practice of counterinsurgency and the broader world of politics and war–fighting. The document close with a discussion as to exactly how much the ‘Long War’ is in fact understandable as a form of COIN and whether al–Qaeda is truly an insurgent organisation.