International Terrorism

Catalonia and the evolution of jihadist terrorism in Spain

Fernando Reinares & Carola García-Calvo. Expert Comment 33/2015 (English version) - 30/4/2015.

For more than a decade the available data have shown that four out of every 10 individuals convicted in Spain for activities related to jihadist terrorism were arrested in Catalonia, and more specifically Barcelona and its metropolitan area.


Why did the Madrid train bombings divide, not unite Spaniards?

Fernando Reinares. Op-ed - 13/3/2015.

When 11-M occurred, Spaniards sought to explain the terrorist bombings using familiar concepts, since they could not do so using unfamiliar ones. What was familiar? On the one hand, ETA, and on the other, Iraq. Both interpretations were wrong.


The interplay between terrorism, insurgency, and civil war in the Middle East

Assaf Moghadam. ARI 4/2015 - 22/1/2015.

Terrorist groups are generally distinguished from guerrilla organisations, but this distinction is gradually disappearing as a growing number of terrorist groups adopt guerrilla tactics.


The jihadist threat to France and its interests abroad

Philippe Migaux. ARI 25/2014 - 9/5/2014.

This analysis focuses on the current jihadist threat to France and its interests abroad.


Making sense of global terrorism now

Fernando Reinares. Expert Comment 11/2014 - 18/2/2014.

Al-Qaeda used to be a unitary centralised jihadist organisation. But post 9/11 it evolved into a decentralised terrorist structure within which it is now possible to identify a central nucleus –known as al-Qaeda Central (AQC) and still located in Pakistan’s tribal areas and adjacent territories in Afghanistan– and a number of branches or territorial extensions.


The development of home-grown jihadist radicalisation in Italy

Lorenzo Vidino. ARI 9/2014 - 14/2/2014.

The Muslim communities and jihadist networks in Italy and Spain present similar characteristics and it is therefore interesting to look at the recent development of home-grown jihadist radicalisation in Italy.[1]


The Spanish Foreign Fighter Contingent in Syria

Fernando Reinares and Carola García-Calvo. 31/1/2014.

Since the start of the conflict in Syria, foreign fighters from various European countries have joined the war against the Bashar al-Assad regime. Spain has not been immune to this mobilization.


Jihadists from Spain in Syria: facts and figures

Fernando Reinares and Carola García-Calvo. Expert Comment 78/2013 - 12/12/2013.

How many identified individuals, resident in Spain, have travelled to join the Jihadist organisations active in the ongoing Syrian civil war?  Up to the present, the exact number is 17. Of these, 11 are Spanish citizens and the remaining six Moroccan nationals living in Spain. Who are these jihadists? Where were they recruited? What was their route to Syria?


Document of interest: I Foro Elcano sobre Terrorismo Global: “Terrorismo Global y Mediterráneo Occidental” / 1st Elcano Forum on Global Terrorism: "Global Terrorism and the Western Mediterranean"

. 18-19/11/2013.

I Foro Elcano de Terrorismo Global / I Elcano Forum on Global 
Terrorism. 2013

El I Foro Elcano sobre Terrorismo Global - Seminario Permanente de Estudios sobre Terrorismo (SPET) XII edición: “Terrorismo Global y Mediterráneo Occidental” inicia su recorrido centrando la atención sobre los desafíos que el terrorismo internacional, de orientación yihadista, plantea a los países del sur de Europa y el norte de África situados en torno a la subregión geopolítica del Mediterráneo Occidental.

The 1st Elcano Forum on Global Terrorism will centre on the challenges posed by international terrorism of a Jihadist nature for the countries of Southern Europe and North Africa located around the Western Mediterranean.

Síguenos en / Follow us Twitter. Real Instituto Elcano / Elcano Royal Institute#FETG1 y por emisión en directo / and live streaming via Casa Árabe


Al-Qaeda’s continued core strategy and disquieting leader-led trajectory

Bruce Hoffman and Fernando Reinares. ARI 37/2013 - 10/9/2013.

Al-Qaeda has withstood arguably the greatest international onslaught directed against a terrorist organisation in history, but it has survived for nearly a quarter of a century and continues to pursue a core strategy. The ongoing unrest in the Middle East could potentially resuscitate al-Qaeda’s waning fortunes and it may assume unpredicted forms. Its final elimination may take years, if not decades, more to achieve.