International Terrorism

Document of interest: CTC Sentinel - Diferential Association Explaining Jihadi Radicalization in Spain: A Quantitative Study

. DI - 9/10/2017.

Article by Fernando Reinares, Carola García-Calvo, and Álvaro Vicente published in CTC Sentinel, Volume 10, Issue 6 (June / July 2017). Violent radicalization leading to involvement in jihadi terrorism appears to be highly contingent upon two key factors of what has been termed “differential association,” namely contact with radicalizing agents and pre-existing social ties with other radicalized individuals. This empirical study, which examines all those arrested in Spain for jihadi terrorism activities over the four-year period between 2013 and 2016, quantitatively assesses the importance of these two factors and sheds light on why some individuals radicalize while many more with similar demographic and social characteristics, in the same country, do not.

‘There is no life without jihad and no jihad without hijrah’: the jihadist mobilisation of women in Spain, 2014-16

Carola García-Calvo. ARI 34/2017 (English version) - 17/4/2017.

This analysis looks at the women who are recruited to join Islamic State in Spain: who they are, how they were radicalised and what their motivations and functions are within the groups, cells and networks in which they ultimately become involved.

Jihadist mobilisation, undemocratic Salafism and terrorist threat in the EU

Fernando Reinares. Expert Comment 13/2017 - 10/3/2017.

Each time a terrorist attack is perpetrated, jihadism is to be thought of not just as a national security problem but also as a challenge to the very fabric of open societies.

Patterns of involvement among individuals arrested for Islamic State-related terrorist activities in Spain, 2013-2016

Carola García-Calvo and Fernando Reinares. 29/12/2016.

Research on the case of Spain conducted by the Program on Global Terrorism at Elcano Royal Institute confirms that the terrorist threat posed by Islamic State is highly networked and organized.

Brussels attacks: Challenge to Security and Coexistence

Fernando Reinares. Op-ed (English version) - 28/3/2016.

We have to avoid the spread of Islamophobia without losing sight of the challenge that both the Jihadists with their terrorist outrages and the Salafists with their anti-democratic preaching pose to open societies.

How to counter jihadist appeal among Western European Muslims

Fernando Reinares. December 2015.

Worldwide terrorism connected with the jihadist insurgencies in Syria and Iraq emerges disproportionately among second- and third-generation Muslim youth from Western Europe. Governments should prepare community leaders to identify and intervene with at-risk youth and should enhance and coordinate efforts to counter jihadist propaganda.

Recent evolution of terrorism in the Maghreb

Fernando Reinares. ARI 62/2015 - 10/11/2015 (English version).

While Libya has seen an extraordinary rise in terrorist violence, particularly since 2012, the frequency of attacks has been contained in Algeria since 2013, the year when terrorism started to grow considerably in Tunisia. Morocco has been notorious for an absence of attacks since 2011.

A transatlantic conversation

Emilio Lamo de Espinosa. 22/9/2015.

Speech by Emilio Lamo de Espinosa, Chairman of the Elcano Royal Institute, at the conference of experts on security and transatlantic relations held on 16 September 2015 in Washington D.C adn organised by the Wilson Center and the Elcano Royal Institute.

Keynote address by His Majesty the King of Spain. Transatlantic Conversation: Confronting Common Security Challenges

His Majesty the King of Spain. 17/9/2015.

Text of the keynote address by His Majesty the King of Spain at the conference of experts on security and transatlantic relations held on 16 September 2015 in Washington D.C adn organised by the Wilson Center and the Elcano Royal Institute.

Catalonia and the evolution of jihadist terrorism in Spain

Fernando Reinares & Carola García-Calvo. Expert Comment 33/2015 (English version) - 30/4/2015.

For more than a decade the available data have shown that four out of every 10 individuals convicted in Spain for activities related to jihadist terrorism were arrested in Catalonia, and more specifically Barcelona and its metropolitan area.