Europe / European Union

Voting at 16 in Austria: a possible model for the EU?

Paul Schmidt and Johanna Edthofer. ARI 88/2018 - 12/7/2018.

Austria has been the only country in the EU that allows voting at the age of 16 at all political levels. Could this be a future model for the EU?


Turkey’s choice: an election that might be too close to call

Ilke Toygür. Expert Comment 34/2018 - 21/6/2018.

The upcoming elections are not only about who is to govern the country but also about how it will be governed. With a historic turning point just ahead, the dynamics of Turkish society are being reflected in the electoral contest.


Italian and Spanish approaches to external migration management in the Sahel: venues for cooperation and coherence

Carmen González Enríquez, Patrícia Lisa, Asli Selin Okyay and Anja Palm. WP 13/2018 - 20/6/2018.

Italy and Spain face similar challenges in managing migration originating from and transiting through Africa. This paper provides a broad view of the evolution of their migration policies with the aim of encouraging an improved and broadened dialogue between the two countries.


Spain and the prospect of Brexit

Salvador Llaudes, Ignacio Molina, Miguel Otero Iglesias and Federico Steinberg. Elcano Policy Paper 3/2018 - 15/6/2018.

The decision of the British people to leave the EU has consequences not only for the UK but also for the remaining 27 EU member states, and more particularly for Spain.


G7 in Canada: Trump’s bravado annoys Europe

Miguel Otero-Iglesias. Expert Comment 32/2018.

The G7 meeting has been one of the most disastrous in years.  The debate in Europe will continue to be whether Trump is just a blip, with the White House returning to the good old Western alliance once he departs, or whether there has been a permanent and structural shift in US foreign policy.


Turkey in and out of NATO? An instance of a turbulent alliance with Western institutions

Yaprak Gürsoy and Ilke Toygür. ARI 73/2018 - 11/6/2018.

Turkey’s links with its Western allies have steadily deteriorated over the past few years. There have been major developments over the past decade that need to be looked at in order to explain the current estrangement with NATO.


A Brazilian perspective on the challenges facing the EU and Latin American cooperation agenda

Carlos R. S. Milani. ARI 72/2018 - 11/6/2018.

The construction of a cooperation agenda between the EU and South America must take into account the challenges Latin American countries need to overcome to correct their democratic deficits and the negative social and political effects of their economic development models.


Quit kicking the can down the road: a Spanish view of EMU reforms

. 8/5/2018.

This document written by Spanish economists offers some recommendations towards a stronger architecture for the euro through deeper fiscal, financial and economic integration. It also advocates a greater degree of political union to provide democratic legitimacy and accountability.


Should Europe limit Chinese investment?

Mario Esteban. Expert Comment 28/2018 (English version) - 7/5/2018.

Why would such a European mechanism to supervise investment be necessary at this time? The main reason is the extraordinary evolution in recent years of Chinese investment in Europe.


Gibraltar, a possible solution: diffused sovereignty and shared functions

Ignacio Molina. ARI 64/2018 (English version) - 7/5/2018.

Brexit opens a small window of opportunity to attempt to resolve the status of Gibraltar.