Working Papers (WP)

The Elcano Royal Institute's Working Papers are longer documents of an academic nature -usually between 12,000 and 15,000 words long, with footnotes and bibliographies- on current international affairs of relevance to Spain or on different aspects of Spain's foreign policy and security.


Europe in 2030: four alternative futures

Luis Simón & Ulrich Speck (eds.). Elcano Policy Paper 2/2017 - 26/12/2017.

The broader question looming over this exercise is whether Europe will be a geopolitical subject or an object, ie, an actor in its own right or a playground for great-power competition. It sketches out four possible answers that rely on the views of four foreign-policy experts on how the future of Europe in 2030 might unfold.


Is Latin America part of the West?

Emilio Lamo de Espinosa. WP 14/2017 - 4/12/2017.

Can we talk of a separate Latin American civilisation as distinct from Western civilisation?


Spain and India: seeking stronger bilateral relations

Rubén Campos Palarea & Jayshree Sengupta. WP 02/2017 (paper format, English version) - 14/11/2017.

This working paper is a joint project by Spain’s Elcano Royal Institute and India’s Observer Research Foundation in the context of the commemoration of 60 years of diplomatic relations between India and Spain and the recent official visit of Prime Minister Modi to Madrid.


Global Spain: the country’s economic, military and soft presence

William Chislett. WP 8/2017 - 30/6/2017.

Almost 500 years since Juan Sebastián Elcano completed the first circumnavigation of the world and a vast empire subsequently came into being, Spain has re-built a substantial but very different global presence.


Assessing the design elements in the Spanish renewable electricity auction: an international comparison

Pablo del Río. WP 6/2017 - 17/4/2017.

The RES-E (electricity from renewable energy sources) auction in Spain is quite different from other international experiences regarding key design elements, namely investment-based support, uniform pricing, lax prequalification and penalties.