Expert Comments

The expert comments are brief 1.000- to 1,500-word pieces produced by the Elcano Royal Institute's analysts as an immediate response to international events relevant to Spain.

What you need to know about Trump’s trade war

Federico Steinberg. Expert Comment 21/2018 (English version) - 19/3/2018.

If with more delay than expected, the aggressive and protectionist Trump has finally moved into action. The US is unilaterally imposing new tariffs of 10% and 25%, respectively, on imports of aluminium and steel.

Strategic Communication (StratCom) policies

Félix Arteaga. Expert Comment 17/2018 - 26/02/2018.

The European and Japanese StratCom policies have been directed to a greater extent to foreign and international audiences rather than to reinforcing the cohesion of their own populations. A broader StratCom approach should be more inclusive and also cover internal perceptions.

Spain’s continuing export boom

William Chislett. Expert Comment 16/2018 - 21/2/2018.

Spain’s exporting prowess continued in 2017 when sales of goods abroad increased for the eighth straight year and notched up a new record of €277.1 billion, close to one-quarter of GDP.

Europe in the face of a new privileged strategic scenario: the Indo-Pacific region

Mario Esteban. Expert Comment 15/2018 - 20/2/2018.

European diplomacy must support regional initiatives that are inclusive, favour cooperation and are governed by international norms and standards. The Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy could be an excellent platform for such a purpose as long as it is not implemented merely as an instrument to contain China

Trump, Europe and one year into the US Presidency

Salvador Llaudes. Expert Comment 14/2018 (English version) - 19/2/2018.

If any benefit has come from Trump being in the White House it has been a new sense of urgency among Europeans, a realisation that Europe cannot continue with business as usual.

Latin America, the international community and Venezuela

Carlos Malamud. Expert Comment 13/2018 (English version) - 13/2/2018.

The clamour for an answer to the crisis in Venezuela will be even more intense in 2018 as the economic situation worsens (hyperinflation, shortages and growing debt) and the humanitarian drama deteriorates by the minute.

Portugal and Ibero-America: reflections on the past, present and future

Bernardo Ribeiro da Cunha. Expert Comment 11/2018 (English version) - 6/2/2018.

The event organised by the Real Institute Elcano and IPRI has generated a rich exchange of ideas, achieving the objective of deepening the perspective of both countries on the past, present and future of the bilateral relationship.

Brexit: yielding step by step to ‘sufficient progress’... for now

Salvador Llaudes. Expert Comment 10/2018 (English version) - 5/2/2018.

The recent European Council of 15 December 2017 finally agreed to proceed to the second phase of the negotiations between the UK and the EU. What we have witnessed to date is that the British have had to accept, slowly but inevitably, all of the stipulations of their EU counterparts.

A year of Trump and trade policy

Federico Steinberg. Expert Comment 9/2018 (English version) - 1/2/2018.

The first year of Trump has been less damaging to the multilateral trade system than was originally feared, but has also allowed us to see that the US Administration maintains a clear interest in isolating itself increasingly from the rest of the world.

Year one of Trump’s energy policy

Gonzalo Escribano. Expert Comment 8/2018 (English version) - 30/1/2018.

At a certain point, the Trump Administration will need to decide whether to honour campaign promises or to follow the dynamics of business and the market, as well as those of the domestic (and multilateral) institutions which shape the realities facing US energy policy.