Catalonia’s independence bid: how did we get here? What is the European dimension? What next?

Elcano Royal Institute

This special dossier aims to provide an overview and background information on Catalonia’s independence bid, the attempts to ‘internationalise the conflict’ and its European dimension, and the possible future scenarios.

Latest publications

The composition of the European Parliament in 2019

Victoriano Ramírez González, José A. Martínez Aroza and Antonio Palomares Bautista. ARI 42/2018 - 23/3/2018.

The European Parliament has proposed a composition to the European Council that fulfils degressive proportionality. Hence, the distribution is acceptable, although it can be improved.

What you need to know about Trump’s trade war

Federico Steinberg. Expert Comment 21/2018 (English version) - 19/3/2018.

If with more delay than expected, the aggressive and protectionist Trump has finally moved into action. The US is unilaterally imposing new tariffs of 10% and 25%, respectively, on imports of aluminium and steel.

A guide to understanding Italy: the 2018 elections and beyond

Ilke Toygür. ARI 39/2018 - 16/3/2018.

The Italian elections of March 2018 –which have become a case study for populism– have caused much anxiety in Europe; as a founder member of the EU, Italy deserves a deeper analysis to understand its electoral dynamics.

Gender equality in Trump’s America

María Solanas Cardín. ARI 38/2018 (English version) - 16/3/2018.

What has been the impact of Donald Trump’s decisions and public policies on the rights and liberties of women during the first year of his Presidency?

Towers and walls against multiculturalism: Hispanics and Spanish in the Trump Presidency

Ángel Badillo Matos. ARI 36/2018 (English version) - 12/3/2018.

The election of Donald Trump has generated new tensions around the public use of Spanish in the US and, above all, over multiculturalism.

The world economy in 2018

Federico Steinberg and José Pablo Martínez. ARI 34/2018 (English version) - 8/3/2018.

The world economy seems to be rebounding definitively from the Great Recession, but many and varied risks still threaten consolidation of the recovery in 2018.

A G20 agenda for technological justice

Andrés Ortega & Francisco Andrés Pérez. ARI 31/2018 - 6/3/2018.

Technological justice can play an important role within the international system in resolving global challenges and creating a smart and more equal world society.

Climate change in 2018: from post-Trump global climate governance to Spain

Lara Lázaro Touza. ARI 30/2018 (English version) - 5/3/2018.

What climate change developments are foreseeable in 2018 at the global level, in the EU-28 and in Spain?

Maximising the outcomes of Spain’s political engagement with the UN

Jessica Almqvist. ARI 25/2018 - 27/2/2018.

With its current seat on the Human Rights Council (2018-20), Spain should strive to continue and revitalise its foreign policy in respect to reinforcing both the UN and multilateralism.

Strategic Communication (StratCom) policies

Félix Arteaga. Expert Comment 17/2018 - 26/02/2018.

The European and Japanese StratCom policies have been directed to a greater extent to foreign and international audiences rather than to reinforcing the cohesion of their own populations. A broader StratCom approach should be more inclusive and also cover internal perceptions.

Spain’s continuing export boom

William Chislett. Expert Comment 16/2018 - 21/2/2018.

Spain’s exporting prowess continued in 2017 when sales of goods abroad increased for the eighth straight year and notched up a new record of €277.1 billion, close to one-quarter of GDP.

Europe in the face of a new privileged strategic scenario: the Indo-Pacific region

Mario Esteban. Expert Comment 15/2018 - 20/2/2018.

European diplomacy must support regional initiatives that are inclusive, favour cooperation and are governed by international norms and standards. The Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy could be an excellent platform for such a purpose as long as it is not implemented merely as an instrument to contain China

Trump, Europe and one year into the US Presidency

Salvador Llaudes. Expert Comment 14/2018 (English version) - 19/2/2018.

If any benefit has come from Trump being in the White House it has been a new sense of urgency among Europeans, a realisation that Europe cannot continue with business as usual.

The EU’s external projection: some interpretations based on the Elcano Global Presence Index

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia. ARI 21/2018 - 16/2/2018.

If the EU were a single country, its global presence would be almost as large as that of the US.

Donald Trump's Twitter account: a brief content analysis

Juan Antonio Sánchez-Giménez and Evgueni Tchubykalo. ARI 20/2018 - 15/2/2018.

Donald Trump has become the first US President to actively use his personal Twitter channel regardless of any US public diplomacy strategy, with a direct impact on the public policies defined by the US government and the White House.

Further publications