Sub-Saharan Africa

The Economic Crisis and the Emerging Powers: Towards a New International Order?

Robin Niblett. 20/2/2012.

The real challenges to the existing international order will come not from the established or emerging powers, but from global forces that are beyond their control and also from those non-state entities and groups which seek to undermine the process of globalisation that links all states and societies ever closer together.


Challenges facing the international community in addressing peace-building priorities in Guinea-Bissau

Joseph Mutaboba. 14/3/2011.

Remarks by Joseph Mutaboba, Special Representative of the Secretary-General  for Guinea-Bissau, on the peace-building priorities in this country at the Elcano Royal Institute (Madrid) on16 February 2011.


China in Africa: Seven Myths (ARI)

Deborah Brautigam. ARI 23/20011 - 8/2/2011.

Sensationalism and rumours cloud our ability to understand China’s growing engagement in Africa, and to craft appropriate responses. This paper dissects seven common myths on China in Africa.


‘Failed States’ in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of the Literature (ARI)

Jonathan Di John. ARI 5/2011 - 14/1/2011.

The concept and measurement of ‘failed states’ is not generally helpful in understanding the economic and political realities in Sub-Saharan Africa.


Africa and Climate Change: Impacts, Policies and Stance Ahead of Cancún (ARI)

Raúl Iván Alfaro-Pelico. ARI 173/2010 - 15/12/2010.

This analysis reviews the effects of climate change in Africa, the response measures undertaken in the continent and the expected position of African countries in Cancún, Mexico.


The ‘Resource Curse’: Theory and Evidence (ARI)

Jonathan Di John. ARI 172/2010 - 15/12/2010.

Mineral and fuel abundance does not determine either the political or economic trajectory of less developed countries.


Links between Resource Extraction, Governance and Development: African Experience (ARI)

Richard Auty. ARI 171/2010 - 13/12/2010.

This ARI addresses the analytical and empirical links between resource extraction, governance and development, with a focus on the resource-curse thesis. The rent curse is rooted in policy failure, which the theory of rent cycling attributes to the impact of rent on elite incentives and also on development trajectory. The paper provides some examples of conditions that have facilitated this process in the context of Sub-Saharan Africa.


The Policy Challenge for Sub-Saharan Africa of Large-Scale Chinese FDI (ARI)

Raphael Kaplinsky and Mike Morris. ARI 169/2010 - 30/11/2010.

The existence of large state-owned Chinese firms and private investors engaged in investing primarily, but not exclusively, in resource and infrastructure sectors in SSA (Sub-Saharan Africa) is a major preoccupation in economic and political circles. In order to understand it, Chinese investment has to be differentiated into four different types, and its distinctive characteristic unpacked –ie, the bundling together of aid, trade and FDI (foreign direct investment)–. This has major policy implications for how SSA should relate to Chinese investors in order to maximise available opportunities.


Southern Sudan Before the ‘Referendum for Freedom’ (ARI)

Daniel Large. ARI 167/2010 - 24/11/2010.

Southern Sudan’s historic referendum on whether to stay in or secede from a united Sudan is rapidly approaching. The political tide is flowing toward an independent country but the politics of Sudan’s North-South political transition remain beset with challenges.


China in Ghana: Easing the Shift from Aid Dependency to Oil Economy? (ARI)

Giles Mohan. ARI 149/2010 - 15/10/2010.

The author examines recent changes in the Ghanaian aid and investment landscape as China has stepped up its relations with this donor ‘darling’. Recent oil discoveries further transform the financing scenarios and more established donors are concerned about the riskiness of this. These tensions reveal wider differences in approaches to development and the desires of many African governments which could herald big changes in the ethos and practice of development.