Demography & International Migrations

One year on: an assessment of the EU-Turkey statement on refugees

İlke Toygür and Bianca Benvenuti. ARI 21/2017 - 21/3/2017.

An honest assessment of the refugee deal is very much needed since the EU is considering new ones with other transit countries. Both Turkey and key EU countries are facing electoral challenges as well: internal politics and foreign policy decisions are highly interwoven.


After Brexit: Schengen remains in the balance, but the border question should not be neglected

Patrícia Lisa. Expert Comment 31/2016 - 6/7/2016.

2016 can still be remembered as the moment of the successful call for the unilateral reestablishment of national border controls, leading to a progressive decline of freedom of movement in the EU. Another shock to Schengen’s foundations must not be allowed to happen again.


The EU-Turkey Agreement: a turning point in the EU’s policy approach to the refugee crisis but with the devil lurking in the detail

Patricia Lisa. Expert Comment 15/2016 - 8/4/2016.

The EU-Turkey agreement is a far cry from Angela Merkel’s open borders policy of the summer of 2015. The only chance for such a voluntary-based agreement to work lies in the Member States’ willingness and solidarity.


Stormy months on the Aegean: the refugee deal and its impact on Turkey-EU relations

lke Toygür and Melih Özsöz. ARI 27/2016 - 15/3/2016.

The refugee deal of 2015, followed by the opening up of a negotiation chapter, has revitalised the relations between Turkey and the EU; however, there are crucial points to bear in mind for future relations to be sustained.


Schengen: a collective asset no one stands up for

Carmen González Enríquez. Expert Comment 10/2016 (English version) - 9/3/2016.

Schengen is the main collective asset that the EU has produced, along with the euro and the common market. However, it is currently in grave jeopardy of disappearing as far as its land borders are concerned.


How immigrant integration unfolds

Pierluigi Contucci and Rickard Sandell. ARI 17/2016 - 9/2/2016.

Where and how should integration policy-makers focus their resources and attention?


Country Focus: Migration of Spanish nationals during the crisis

Carmen González Enríquez and José P. Martínez Romera. 17/6/2014. Go to Spanish version

This report is a brief description of the main results obtained from an e-survey among Spanish emigrants, within the research project “Migrations from the Southern Member States of the European Union (Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece) and Ireland”.


The price of Spanish and European citizenship

Carmen González Enríquez. ARI 4/2014 - 3/2/2014.

The rules on accessing nationality are very different from one EU member state to another. Spain offers the fastest route for most of its immigrants from non-EU countries.


Are Spaniards emigrating?

Carmen González-Enríquez. ARI 39/2013 (Translated from Spanish) - 8/10/2013.

Contrary to what numerous media reports seem to suggest, current Spanish emigration is very slight.


Youth unemployment in Spain

Carmen González Enríquez. Expert Comment 31/2013 - 16/4/2013 (English version).

A common notion circulating inside and outside Spain is that over half of young Spaniards (aged 16-24) are unemployed –a ‘fact’ which furthers the image of deep crisis in Spain–.