Working Papers (WP)

The Elcano Royal Institute's Working Papers are longer documents of an academic nature -usually between 12,000 and 15,000 words long, with footnotes and bibliographies- on current international affairs of relevance to Spain or on different aspects of Spain's foreign policy and security.


Assessing the design elements in the Spanish renewable electricity auction: an international comparison

Pablo del Río. WP 6/2017 - 17/4/2017.

The RES-E (electricity from renewable energy sources) auction in Spain is quite different from other international experiences regarding key design elements, namely investment-based support, uniform pricing, lax prequalification and penalties.


European defence between the Global Strategy and its implementation

Félix Arteaga. WP 4/2017 (English version) - 16/2/2017.

The implementation of the Strategy comes at a time of highly adverse circumstances for the process of European integration, so that its development is not solely reliant on the content of the document or the determination of its backers.


The Spanish Exception: Unemployment, inequality and immigration, but no right-wing populist parties

Carmen González-Enríquez. WP 3/2017 - 13/2/2017.

Very few European countries have proven immune to the appeal of right-wing populism. Despite economic crisis and fast-eroding political trust, there is a remarkable absence of an electorally successful Spanish right-wing populist party.


The challenges facing the ‘new’ Spain

William Chislett. WP 14/2016 - 3/11/2016.

The new minority Popular Party government faces a bumpy ride as it gets to grips with a series of problems that will significantly shape Spain’s economic and political future.


China in Latin America: Repercussions for Spain

Mario Esteban (coord.). WP 3/2015 (printed, English version) - October 2015.

The strengthening of ties between China and Latin America has a double-edged impact on Spanish interests.