Publications Elcano Global Presence Index

The new drivers of Asia’s global presence

Mario Esteban. ARI 9/2016 (English version) - 21/01/2016.

This paper examines the growing role of Asia in globalisation, showing that China is not the only important player and that its impact goes far beyond the economic dimension.


Foreign policy and global presence: the strategies of Australia and South Africa

Carola García-Calvo. ARI 7/2016 (English version) - 20/1/2016.

This ARI examines the insertion in the globalisation process of Australia and South Africa in terms of global presence in order to determine whether they match the model outlined in their strategic foreign policy documents.


The rise of ‘Chermany’: Germany and China, the big winners in economic globalisation

Miguel Otero-Iglesias. ARI 55/2015 - 22/10/2015.

This ARI compares the evolution of the global economic presence of the Big Five European economies with the emerging economies of the BRICS and the N11.


From Seville to Brussels: the architecture of global presence

Iliana Olivié & Manuel Gracia. ARI 51/2015 - 9/10/2015.

The purpose of this paper is to understand the global-local link in the external projection of countries. It breaks down the Elcano Global Presence Index by geographical origin for both the European Union (into member states) and for one particular European country, namely Spain.


Document of interest: Elcano Global Presence Index Report 2014

. Report. 23/4/2014. Iliana Olivié, Manuel Gracia and Carola García-Calvo.

Elcano Global Presence Report 2014The top 10 slots in the 2013 ranking are held by the United States, which has consistently emerged first, followed by six European countries in positions ranging from second to tenth, with China and Japan at fourth and seventh. The first year-on-year change appears at number 12, with Saudi Arabia climbing one position in our ranking. Also available: Informe Índice Elcano de Presencia Global 2014 (Spanish version).


The rise of China and Asia: what the Elcano Global Presence Index tells us

Mario Esteban. ARI 21/2014 - 2/4/2014.

This paper uses data from the Elcano Global Presence Index to examine how Asia, and in particular China, are raising their global presence at a very swift pace.


Document of interest: Elcano Global Presence Index 2012

. Report. 19/12/2013. Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia.

Elcano Global Presence Index 2012The Elcano Global Presence Index displays the current situation and evolution, since 1990, of the global presence of 60 countries and of the European Union in the world order. Furthermore, since 2005, an additional calculation has been performed for the member States of the Union –the Elcano European Presence Index–, which limits the presence exclusively to the intra-European sphere. Also available: Índice Elcano de Presencia Global 2012 (Spanish version).


What would the ‘United States of Europe’ look like in this changing world? Reflections on the IEPG

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia. ARI 25/2013 - 3/7/2013. Go to Spanish version

The third edition of the Elcano Global Presence Index (IEPG) is out. This year, we have also calculated the EU’s global presence –as if it were a single country– and estimated the presence of member States in the European sphere.


IEPG 2012: methodology and new analytic tools

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia. WP 12/2013 (Translated from Spanish) - 1/7/2013. Go to Spanish version

The Elcano Global Presence Index (IEPG, after its Spanish acronym) captures the changes in the global presence of 60 countries. This year’s edition is especially focused on the European Union.


Measuring the international presence of countries: the Elcano Institute's IEPG Index methodology revisited

Coordinators: Iliana Olivié & Ignacio Molina. Contributors: Ignacio Álvarez, Bruno Ayllón, Rafael Domínguez, Félix Arteaga, Manuel Gracia, Narciso Michavila, Antonio Vargas.. WP 9/2012 (Translated from Spanish) - 20/7/2012. Go to Spanish version

The publication of the IEPG’s 2nd edition entails some methodological changes which, nevertheless, alter neither its essence nor principles.