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Home> Security & Defense> > MI
Security & Defense
MI-DI 5/9/2013

Texto de la resolución del Senado de EE.UU que autoriza el uso de la fuerza militar contra el gobierno de Siria en respuesta al uso de armas químicas (via New York Times).

"Authorization for the Use of Military Force Against the Government of Syria to Respond to Use of Chemical Weapons" adopted by the U.S Senate (via New York Times).

DI/MI - 4/2/2012

The speeches and statements of the participants in the 49th Munich Conference on Security Policy held from 1 to 3 February 2013. This year’s conference addressed topics ranging from the current crises such as in Mali and Syria, transatlantic cooperation in NATO, the role of rising power in international security, the future of Europe and the euro zone, cyber security and the responsibility to protect. Debates and other speeches are also available at the media library.

Discursos y declaraciones de los participantes de la 49ª Conferencia de Seguridad de Munich realizada del 1 al 3 de febrero de 2013. La conferencia de este año se ha centrado en las actuales crisis en Mali y Siria, la cooperación transatlántica en la OTAN, el papel de las potencias emergentes en la seguridad internacional, el futuro de Europa y de la zona euro, ciberseguridad y la responsabilidad de proteger.

DI - 11/12/2012

The 2012 Global Trends report examines the previous editions to highlight any persistent blind spots and biases as well as distinctive strengths of this framework for strategic thinking. It also expands the coverage to disruptive technologies and the potential trajectories for the U.S role in the international system.

Informe elaborado por el National Intelligence Council (NIC) sobre las tendencias globales de los cambios en el sistema internacional. La 5ª edición revisa los informes previos para identificar los posibles sesgos y puntos débiles, así como fortalezas del marco operativo destinado al análisis estratégico. También incluye referencias al impacto de las nuevas tecnologías y las posibles vías de acción de los EEUU en el sistema internacional.

DI - 7/12/2012

The Foreign Ministers from the 28-member alliance have voted to approve Turkey’s request for Patriot missiles to be deployed on the Turkey-Syria border.

Los Ministros de Asuntos Exteriores de los 28 miembros de la alianza aprobaron la solicitud de Turquía para desplegar misiles Patriot en la frontera entre Turquía y Siria.

DI - 30/11/2012
The UN Security Council issued the resolution 2078 (2012) at its 6873rd meeting on 28 November which renewed the measures on arms, transport, finance and travel against the DRC imposed by resolution 1807 (2008), and extended the mandate of the Group of Experts established pursuant to resolution 1533 (2004) until 1 February 2014.

DI - 14/11/2012
The 2012 edition of the State of the Food Insecurity in the World –subtitled ‘Economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition’- presents new estimates of undernourishment based on a revised and improved methodology. Download full report (PDF).

DI - 24/10/2012

Published by the TI International Defence & Security Programme, the Defence Companies Anti-Corruption Index shows that two thirds of the companies assessed do not provide enough public evidence that they adequately prevent corruption. Only ten companies score in the top two bands (A and B), which means they have good, publicly available evidence of having at least basic ethics and anti-corruption compliance systems in place. Almost half of the total companies -60 out of 129- scores in bands E and F, providing very little evidence of having basic systems in place to prevent corruption and instil strong ethical values. This includes companies from all the major arms exporting countries: USA, Russia, Germany, France, the UK and China. Ver también:

Publicado por el Programa Internacional de Defensa y Seguridad de la organización Transparencia Internacional, el Índice Anti-corrupción de la Industria Defensa señala que dos tercios de las compañías evaluadas no dan suficiente información pública sobre la disposición de sistemas adecuados de prevención de la corrupción y lucha contra las prácticas ilegales en el sector. Sólo diez empresas se sitúan en los dos niveles superiores (A y B, lo cual indica que difunden abiertamente la información sobre sus sistemas básicos de prevención de la corrupción), mientras que casi la mitad del total de empresas -60 de 129 – se sitúan en los 2 últimos niveles (E y F) porque dan muy poca información sobre dichos sistemas. Esto incluye a las empresas de los principales países exportadores de armas (Estados Unidos, Rusia, Alemania, Francia, Reino Unido y China). Read also:

DI - 16/10/2012

Speech by the UK Foreign Secretary William Hague at the opening of the Parliamentarians Against Human Trafficking London Conference.

Discurso del ministro de Asuntos Exteriores británico, William Hague, en la apertura de la Conferencia de parlamentarios contra el tráfico de seres humanos.

DI - 13/10/2012
The resolution adopted by the UN Security Council -at its 6846th meeting on 12 October- demands that armed groups cease human rights abuses and violations of humanitarian law, including targeted attacks against civilians, sexual violence, the recruitment of child soldiers and forced displacements in Northern Mali.

DI - 27/9/2012
‘Although global patterns of illicit drug use, production and health consequences largely remained stable in 2010, the opium production had rebounded to previous high levels in Afghanistan, the world’s biggest opium producer’, according to this year’s edition of the WDR.

Según el Informe Mundial sobre las Drogas 2012 de la UNODC, “aunque las pautas mundiales del consumo, la producción y las consecuencias sanitarias de las drogas ilícitas se mantuvieron relativamente estables en 2010, la producción de opio ha vuelto a alcanzar los elevados niveles registrados anteriormente en el Afganistán, principal productor de opio en el mundo”.

DI - 2/8/2012
Final declaration adopted at the Tokyo Conference on Afghanistan held on 8 July. The international community aimed to commit to supporting development efforts of Afghanistan towards its self-reliance during the Transformation Decade (2015 - 2024).

DI - 1/8/2012
Held from 2 to 27 July in New York, this Conference aimed to negotiate an arms trade treaty that would establish high common standards for international trade in conventional arms. Despite the efforts, the Conference could not reach agreement on a treaty text. See also the conference website.

DI - 31/7/2012
Adopted on 16 July by the Council of the European Union, this new civilian mission under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) aims to support the government of Nigeria in building their own capacities to fight organised crime and terrorism in the Sahel. See also the EUCAP SAHEL Niger website.

DI - 3/7/2012

The Fund for Peace and Foreign Policy magazine presented the eight annual Failed States Index (FSI), highlighting global political, economic and social pressures experienced by 177 states. Somalia ranked as the most troubled state for 5th straight year and Finland has remained in the best position.

DI - 28/5/2012
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) released this safeguards report on Iran’s nuclear programme on 25 May 2012. Iran continues to expand its programme and the IAEA has also found traces of uranium enriched to 27%.

DI - 21/5/2012
The official documents of the Camp David G8 Summit of the Heads of State and government held in the U.S. from 18 to 19 May include the Camp David Declaration and statements on energy and climate change, food security, and the transitions in the Middle East and North Africa.

DI - 16/5/2012
Remarks by Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs Philip H. Gordon at the conference ‘NATO: A Modern, Flexible and Global Security Alliance’, held on 7 May 2012 at the Casa de America in Madrid (Spain) and organised by Embassy of the United States in Spain and the Elcano Royal Institute.

DI - 30/4/2012
This document is the judgment summary of the Special Court for Sierra Leone on the case against Charles Taylor, who was found guilty of aiding and abetting rebels in this country.

DI - 29/3/2012
The summit –held from 26 to 27 March- brought together fifty three Heads of State and Government, as well as representatives of the United Nations (UN), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), European Union (EU) and INTERPOL. The final communiqué provides important timelines for advancing nuclear security objectives, reflects the need to address both the issues of nuclear security and nuclear safety in a coherent manner for the sustainable peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and also sets out specific measures to prevent radiological terrorism. More information: Documents of the Nuclear Security Summit 2012.

DI - 26/3/2012
The Council of the European Union has adopted this conclusions relating to the EU Strategy for Security and Development in the Sahel at the 3157th Foreign Affairs Council meeting on 23 March, a year after its presentation in March 2011. The Ministers expressed deep concern about the deterioration of the security situation and condemned attempts to seize power by force in Mali. More information: CONSILIUM website.

DI - 21/3/2012
The United Nations Department of Political Affairs has published new guidelines to help UN mediators and mission chiefs address the problem of sexual violence – as a threat to security and an impediment to peace- in peace agreements and cease-fires negotiations.

DI - 20/3/2012
The Trial I Chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC) decided that Thomas Lubanga Dyilo is guilty of conscripting and enlisting children under the age of 15 and using them to participate in hostilities from 1 September 2002 to 13 August 2003, in the context of an internal armed conflict that took place in Ituri (Democratic Republic of the Congo). Issued on 14 March, it is the first verdict of an ICC Trial Chamber. More information: ICC press release.

DI - 24/2/2012
The conference –held on 23 February at Lancaster House- brought together fifty-five delegations from Somalia and the international community. The final communiqué includes a seven-point plan promising more humanitarian aid, support for African Union peacekeepers and better international co-ordination. The conference was preceded by a meeting on humanitarian issues co-chaired by the United Nations and the United Arab Emirates.

DI - 20/2/2012
Issued on 2 February, the resolution of the European Parliament on women’s situation in war states a series of technical recommendations, such as the creation of a Special EU Representative on Women, Peace and Security within the EEAS.

DI - 6/2/2012
The speeches and statements of the participants in the 48th Munich Conference on Security Policy held from 3 to 5 February 2012. Themed ‘A World In Disarray -- Shifting Powers -- Lack Of Strategies’, this year’s conference addressed topics ranging from the repositioning of US military power to the ‘Arab Spring’ and to the mounting difficulties in sustaining security under increasing financial pressure.

DI - 6/2/2012
This draft resolution of the UN Security Council –based on a text supporting Arab League’s Proposed Peace Plan- was vetoed by China and Russia as two of the Council’s five permanent members. It is the second draft resolution on Syria vetoed by the same countries since 2011.

DI - 10/1/2012
Announced by the US President Barack Obama on 5 January,  the new defence strategy ‘will allow the military to defend the United States and its national interests while cutting military spending in a responsible, balanced manner’.

DI - 16/11/2011
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) released this safeguards report on Iran’s nuclear programme and allegations of weaponization efforts on 8 November.

DI - 24/10/2011
In this statement, the US President Barack Obama announces that troops from Iraq will return by the end of the year.

DI - 21/10/2011
The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) issued this report on treatment of conflict related detainees by the National Directorate of Security (NDS) or Afghan National Police (ANP) forces. The research found compelling evidence that torture is practiced systematically in a number of NDS detention facilities throughout Afghanistan.

DI - 14/7/2011
The Fund for Peace and Foreign Policy magazine presented the seventh annual Failed States Index (FSI). This year’s index draws on some 130,000 publicly available sources to analyze 177 states and rate them using 12 social, economic, political and military indicators of pressure on the state during the year 2010.

DI - 27/06/2011
On 24 June 2011 the Cabinet approved the Spanish Security Strategy: A Responsibility for All. This strategic document provides a vision for Spain in the context of world security, indicating threats and risks, the factors that heighten them, the possible responses and a model for their management.

DI 15/6/2011
Remarks by U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates on the transatlantic relations and the future of NATO.

DI - 3/6/2011
The fifth edition of the Global Peace Index has expanded to rank 153 independent countries by their peacefulness and updated with the latest-available figures and information.

DI - 30/5/2011
The US Secretary of the Department of State Hillary Clinton outlines the international strategy for Cyberspace and identifies seven key policy priorities.

DI - 13/4/2011
Published by the World Bank, the WDR 2011: Conflict, Security and Development aims to provide insights on the political, security and economic dimensions of conflict resolution. It draws on the analysis of researchers and the experience of policy-makers in the development community, the UN system and the regional institutions.

DI - 11/4/2011
The Council of the European Union Decision 2011/210/CFSP on EU military operation in support of humanitarian assistance operations in response to the crisis situation in Libya (EUFOR Libya), issued on 1 April 2011.

DI - 28/3/2011
The International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR) describes the efforts of key countries to attack all aspects of the international drug trade in 2010. This annual report is prepared by the Department of State to Congress in accordance with the Foreign Assistant Act.

DI - 22/3/2011
Published in March 2011, the second edition of the Strategic Trends series contains a global overview of the main strategic trends identified by the CSS, such as emerging markets and fractures geopolitics, the changing regional dynamics in the Middle East, terrorism and counterterrorism ten years after 9/11 and narcotics as a growing security concern.

DI - 21/3/2011
This CRS report published on 8 March highlights the potential cyberattacks on critical infrastructure as a tactical tool in the future used by international insurgents, jihadists and terrorist organizations. It also recounts the methods for countering terrorist and insurgent information operations on the Internet.

DI - 18/3/2011
The resolution adopted by the Security Council -at its 6498th meeting on 17 March- imposes a ban on all flights in Libya’s airspace - a no-fly zone - and tightened sanctions on the Qadhafi regime and its supporters.

DI - 1/2/2011
According to the Afghanistan Opium Survey 2010, ‘rising opium prices may encourage farmers in Afghanistan to plant more opium poppy’. After a steady decline from 2005 to 2009, prices are raising again based on speculation that there will be shortages because opium reduced production in 2010 and because of ongoing military operations, which are creating uncertainty among opium poppy farmers regarding future cultivation.

DI - 16/12/2010
This year’s edition of the Human Security Report –subtitled The Causes of Peace and The Shrinking Costs of War- examines three main issues: the causes of peace, the shrinking costs of war and the trends in human insecurity.

DI - 23/11/2010
The new Strategic Concept was issued at the Lisbon Summit meeting of Heads of State and Government held from 20 to 21 November. The Alliance agreed on missile defence, an enduring partnership with Afghanistan, and a new start in NATO-Russia relations.

DI - 26/10/2010
The 2010 edition of the State of the World Population –published by the UN Population Fund (UNPFA) and entitled From Conflict and Crisis to Renewal: Generations of Change- links Peace, Security and Development to Women’s Rights and Empowerment. According to this report, ‘discrimination against women not only exposes them to the worst effects of disaster and war, including rape, but also deprives their countries of a prime engine for recovery’.

DI - 22/10/2010
The memorandum between the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was signed on 13 October 2010. It aims to ‘align and enhance America’s capabilities to protect against threats to our critical civilian and military computer systems and networks’.

DI - 21/10/2010
‘A Strong Britain in an Age of Uncertainty’ is the latest National Security Strategy released by the UK Government. The document outlines the reappraisal of Britain’s role in the world, the risks to its security and their implication for the UK.

DI - 4/10/2010
The summary findings of the Afghanistan Opium Survey shows that opium poppy cultivation remained at 2009 levels but the opium production has reduced to a half in 2010. However, ‘the market may again become lucrative for poppy-crop growers so we have to monitor the situation closely’ according to the UNODC.

DI 8/9/2010
Following the Sudanese national elections in April 2010, the improved relations between this country and Chad after the signing of an agreement to normalise their bilateral relations and the concern over the negative affect of the ongoing violence in Darfur, the UN Security Council –at its 6366th meeting on 30 July 2010- decided to extend the mandate of UNAMID for a further year to 31 July 2011.

DI - 1/9/2010
President Barack Obama announced the end of the United States’s combat mission in Iraq on 31 August 2010.

Published on 22 June 2010, the research paper 10/45 of the Library of the House of Commons focuses on the Pashtuns. It first begins with a survey of the geographic, historical and cultural factors which have shaped Pashtun identities in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and describes the political and security arrangements under which they currently live. The second part of the paper looks at the US AfPak policy, setting out its origins and evolution before assessing the prospects for success over the coming year and beyond.

DI - 15/7/2010
A joint publication by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations, and the UN Action against Sexual Violence in Conflict, the report highlights best practices and emerging elements for a more effective response by peacekeepers to women’s security concerns.

DI - 12/7/2010
The fifth edition of the Yearbook on Peace Processes analyses the negotiation processes that have taken place worldwide throughout 2009. It is published by the Escola de Cultura per la Pau (School for a Culture of Peace) from the Barcelona Autonomous University.

DI - 6/7/2010
The Fund for Peace and Foreign Policy magazine presented the sixth annual Failed States Index (FSI). This year’s index draws on 90,000 publicly available sources that are processed to analyse 177 states and rate them using 12 social, economic, political and military indicators in order of their vulnerability to violent internal conflict and societal dysfunction.

DI - 5/7/2010
The fourth edition of the Global Peace Index has expanded to rank 149 countries by their peacefulness. Its results suggest that the world has become slightly less peaceful in the past year.

DI - 21/6/2010
The first Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment -published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime- aims to fill a knowledge gap and pave the way for future world crime reports. The report analyses a range of key transnational crime threats like human trafficking, migrant smuggling, the illicit heroin and cocaine trades, cybercrime, maritime piracy and trafficking in environmental resources, firearms and counterfeit goods.

DI - 24/5/2010
The Wise Pen Team final report to EDA Steering board – published on 24 April 2010- highlights the need to improve European security by integrating maritime policy making, sharing information more effectively and transparently and coordinating a collective response to security challenges. The team is composed of Vice Admirals Fernando del Pozo, Anthony Dymock, Lutz Feldt, Patrick Hebrard, Ferdinando Sanfelice di Monteforte.

DI - 19/5/2010
The Group of Experts -led by its chair Madeleine K. Albright (U.S) and vice-chair Jeroen van der Veer (The Netherlands)- presents its final report. The analyses and recommendations aims to assist the Secretary General in drafting a new Strategic concept for submission to NATO heads of government at Lisbon Summit in November 2010.

DI - 13/5/2010
Published by the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU), the eighth edition of the A to Z Guide to Afghanistan Assistance aims to enhance the understanding of the actors, structures and government processes related to aid and reconstruction efforts in the country.

DI - 13/4/2010
The summit - held from 12 to 13 April in Washington (U.S)- brought together leaders of 47 countries. It aimed to highlight the global threat posed by nuclear terrorism and to advance a common approach and commitment to nuclear security (issued in the Summit Communiqué). The Summit Work Plan represents guidance for national and international actions to carry out the pledges of the Communiqué.

DI - 28/1/2010
U.S President Barack Obama delivered his 2010 State of the Union Address on 28 January 2010. The President lays out his priorities for jobs and bolstering the middle class.

DI - 13/1/2010
This paper critically examines the relevance of the US intelligence community to the counterinsurgency strategy in Afghanistan in the last eight years. It was written by Major General Michael T. Flynn (Senior Intelligence Officer in Afghanistan), Captain Matt Pottinger (company-grade Officer) and Paul D. Batchelor (Senior Executive Service of the Defense Intelligence Agency).

DI - 11/1/2010
The special report of the Bangladesh Institute of Peace and Security Studies is focused on India-Bangladesh relationship security issues as follows: maritime demarcation, environment/water security, border issues and Indian Border Security Force’s (BSF) killing of civilians, human insecurity in unsettled enclaves, gross imbalance in trade, disparity in sharing information, transnational security threats and the issue of militancy and terrorism.

DI - 7/1/2010
Published on 5 January, this Congressional Research Service report highlights the threats posed by a crime-terrorism nexus, as the scale and nature of their cooperation are believed to vary widely. US efforts to combat the relationship between crime and terrorism are a subset of broader policy responses to transnational crime and international terrorism individually.

DI - 15/12/2009
The latest survey of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime shows an increase in opium poppy cultivation in Myanmar for the third year in a row – an 11% rise from 28,500 ha in 2008 to 31,700 ha in 2009

DI - 3/12/2009
This is the text of Barack Obama’s speech on the Afghanistan-Pakistan situation, delivered at the U.S. Military Academy (West Point) on 1 December. President Obama has outlined the new strategy in the region which include additional American and international troops.

DI - 22/10/2009
This publication of the Center for Systemic Peace shows the numbers of people killed in high casualty terrorist bombings (HCTB--bomb attacks on non-combatant targets resulting in 15 deaths or more) from 11 September 1993 to10 September 2009.

DI - 6/11/2009
This report of the International Crisis Group examines current Chinese policy towards North Korea in the wake of the latest events, which include missile launches, the withdrawal from the Six-Party Talks and the 25 May nuclear test.

DI - 26/10/2009
This report of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime how the opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan is spreading addiction, enriching criminal groups, deepening corruption and empowering insurgents in the country and beyond.

DI - 28/9/2009
The resolution adopted by the Security Council –at its 6191st meeting on 24 September- urges all UN members states to take all appropriate national measures in accordance with their national authorities and legislation, and consistent with international law, to prevent nuclear proliferation.

DI - 22/9/2009
This report of Stanley A. McChrystal -General of the U.S Army and Commander NATO International Security Assistance Force (Afghanistan)- to the U.S Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates is an assessment of the overall situation, plans and ongoing efforts. It sought to answer three main questions: Can ISAF achieve the mission? If so, how should ISAF go about achieving the mission? What is required to achieve the mission?

DI - 21/9/2009
According to the White House, this approach ‘is based on an assessment of the Iranian missile threat, and a commitment to deploy technology that is proven, cost-effective, and adaptable to an evolving security environment’.

DI - 18/9/2009
This publication of the Congressional Research Service (CRS) examines the central role of UNAMA in Afghanistan and discusses the obstacles the organization faces in coordinating international efforts.

DI - 8/7/2009
This is the text of Barack Obama’s speech on the US-Russia relationship, delivered at the New Economic School Graduation in Gostinny Dvor, Moscow (Russia) on 7 July.

DI - 6/7/2009
The Fund for Peace and Foreign Policy magazine presented the fifth annual Failed States Index (FSI). Using 12 social, economic, political and military indicators, it ranks 177 states in order of their vulnerability to violent internal conflict and societal dysfunction.

DI - 25/6/2009
Besides a complete assessment of the international drug problem with comprehensive information on the illicit drug situation, the 2009 edition includes special sections on the quality of drug data available to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), trends in drug use among young people and drug-related offences recorded by police.

DI - 15/6/2009
The database created by the United Nations Office for Drug and Crime (UNODC) aims to provide comprehensive and accurate legal information on the steps taken by the international community and individual countries in the fight against international terrorism.

DI - 8/6/2009
Highlights of the 40th SIPRI Yearbook include special studies on the human security approach to mass displacement caused by conflicts and one-sided violence, one-sided violence against civilians, the legitimacy of peace operations, security and politics in Afghanistan, US and Iraqi military spending, arms transfers to Sri Lanka, the adoption of the Cluster Munitions Convention and defence trade cooperation agreements, along with coverage of developments during 2008.

DI - 2/6/2009
The results of the third edition of the Global Peace Index show that as the global economy headed into recession in 2008, many of the indicators used by the GPI to measure peace increased while others decreased. Iceland is one of several examples of the links between the global economic crisis and a decline in peacefulness.

DI - 25/5/2009
This is the text of Barack Obama’s speech on National Security, delivered at the National Archive on 21 May.

DI - 14/5/2009
The Manama Declaration on Human Trafficking at the Crossroads was adopted at the international conference held in the Kingdom of Bahrain, from 1 to 3 March 2009.

DI - 14/5/2009
Using the latest available data, this paper describes the ongoing growth in international transfers of major conventional weapons, military spending and arms production. It also describes the increasing complexity of international arms export control policies.

DI - 7/4/2009
The report -issued by the UN Secretary-General on 27 March- covers major developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since the last report issued on 21 November 2008 (S/2008/728) to 24 March 2009.

DI - 6/4/2009
Final statement issued by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Strasbourg / Kehl on 4 April 2009, on occasion of the 60th anniversary of NATO. See also the Declaration on Alliance Security and the Summit Declaration on Afghanistan.

DI - 27/3/2009
Summary of the Octopus Interface Conference -held at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg from 10 to 11 March 2009- that brought together more than 280 cybercrime experts from the public and private sectors as well as international and non-governmental organisations from all over the world. See also the web site.

DI - 12/3/2009
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has published its annual report on 11 March 2009. The document provides an overview of the UNODC activities to address the threat posed by drugs and crime. Also, fighting human trafficking was an important priority for the organisation in 2008.

DI - 3/3/2009
Published on 30 January 2009, the document refers to the RAND Corporation and the Bertelsmann Foundation’s Venusberg Group sponsored series discussions on the future security challenges confronting the U.S. and Europe in the context of the election of a new American president.

DI - 20/2/2009
According to this year edition, the most common form of human trafficking (79%) is sexual exploitation. The victims of sexual exploitation are predominantly women and girls. The second most common form of human trafficking is forced labour which amounts to 18% and worldwide, almost 20% of all trafficking victims are children.

DI - 18/2/2009
An address by the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Miguel Ángel Moratinos, at the 45th Munich Security Conference held from 6 to 8 February 2009.

DI - 12/2/2009
The Chinese government has presented the new White Paper for the national defence in January 2009. The document stresses the Scientific Outlook on Development as an important guiding principle for national defence and armed forces building.

DI - 14/1/2009
The Resolution adopted by the UN Security Council –at its 6050th meeting on 19 December 2008- called for enhanced monitoring of the arms embargo in Somalia, declaring that strict enforcement would improve security in a country that has been torn by factional fighting and has no functioning central government since 1991.

DI - 18/12/2008
The Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK) annually publishes the Conflict Barometer, which presents the latest data and analyses concerning events and developments in the world of conflict. The world’s most affected regions are Africa, the Middle East and Maghreb, as well as Asia and Oceania.

DI - 5/12/2008
This year’s edition of the Afghanistan Opium Survey shows that opium has become less important to the country’s economy due to a decrease in cultivation, production and prices. Opium cultivation in 2008 declined 19% to 157,000 hectares. Production was down by 6% to 7,700 tons and prices are also down by around 20%. (See also the cultivation map)

DI - 3/12/2008
The recent report of the IAEA Director General was derestricted at the Board of Governors meeting in Vienna. The Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of Security Council resolutions 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1835 (2008) in the Islamic Republic of Iran covers relevant developments since September 2008.

DI - 3/12/2008
The Resolution adopted by the Security Council –at its 6026th meeting on 2 December- calls on all countries and regional organizations with the necessary capacity to deploy naval ships and military aircraft off the Somali coast to fight piracy.

DI - 10/10/2008
The publication provides an at-a-glance illustrated guide to global and regional trends in human insecurity –focusing on wars, genocide, battle deaths, refugee flows and human rights abuses. Co-published with the World Bank, it maps political violence, the links between poverty and conflict, assaults on human rights and the causes of war and peace.

DI - 2/10/2008

The sixth annual report provides information about police-related activities of the OSCE Strategic Police Matters Unit in 2007, as well as other cross-dimensional police-related activities of the thematic units in the Secretariat and OSCE Institutions.

Informe anual del Secretario General de la Organización para la Seguridad y la Cooperación en Europa (OSCE), publicado el 25 de septiembre de 2008, sobre las actividades realizadas por la organización durante 2007.

DI - 3/9/2008
The U.S Department of Defense released its 2008 National Defense Strategy in July 2008, the national approach to the defense of the nation and its interests. The NDS is issued periodically and the last one was published in March 2005. The strategy builds on lessons learned and insights from previous operations and strategic reviews such as the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review.

DI - 30/7/2008
The CIDOB International Yearbook carries out a systematic monitoring of the international panorama and Spain’s foreign policy. The Country Profile of the 19th edition is dedicated to Nigeria and its regional setting. (Complete Yearbook in Spanish).

DI - 30/6/2008
This CRS report reviews current legislative mandates for security strategic documents of the U.S, assesses the recent history of execution, describes strategic documents in related fields for comparison, presents considerations that may be useful in assessing current requirements and execution, and notes several current proposals for changes to legislative requirements.

© Fundación Real Instituto Elcano, Madrid, 2002-2013